13 April, 2021
Minister Barbara Creecy launches
South Africa's Nationally Determined Contribution
Africa's updated draft Nationally Determined Contribution launched
The Minister of Forestry, Fisheries and the
Environment, Ms Barbara Creecy, officially launched South Africa's updated
draft Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for public consultation during a
virtual stakeholder session on 31 March 2021.
The updated draft NDC, the cornerstone of
South Africa's climate change response, was approved by Cabinet on 24 March
2021 to be released for public comment. It is South Africa's commitment in
terms of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and
its Paris Agreement (PA) to contribute to the global climate change effort.
All Parties to the UNFCCC are updating
their NDC's in the run-up to the 26th international climate change conference
to be held in Glasgow, Scotland, in November 2021.
Under the Paris Agreement, all Parties are
required to deposit NDCs every five years. South Africa deposited its
first NDC with the UNFCCC in October 2015, committing to keeping national
greenhouse gas emissions within a range from 389 Mt CO2-eq for 2025 and
South Africa remains committed to
addressing climate change based on science, equity and sustainable development.
Similarly, the present draft updated NDC seeks to balance the three structural
components of mitigation, adaptation and means of implementation/support
The latest science from the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change indicates that more urgent and rapid
reductions in emissions are required by all countries. The UNFCCC has found
that the current global effort is not sufficient to avoid dangerous climate
change, and all countries agree that more needs to be done, faster.
The updated mitigation NDC proposes a
significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) emissions target
ranges up to 2030, with the 2025 target range allowing time to fully implement
the national mitigation system, including those elements contained in the
Climate Change Bill. It will also allow space for the implementation of IRP
2019 and other key policies and measures, as well as the national recovery from
The 2030 target range (398 - 440 Mt CO2 eq)
is consistent with South Africa's fair share and also an ambitious improvement
on our current NDC target. The upper range of the proposed 2030 target range
represents a 28% reduction in GHG emissions from the 2015 NDC targets.
Eskom recently released a call for
proposals to repurpose Komati Power Station in Mpumalanga with photovoltaic
panels and battery storage. Currently, the utility is conducting feasibility
studies on repurposing other power stations scheduled for decommissioning,
including Hendrina, Grootvlei and Camden Coal Power Stations
In February this year the Presidential
Climate Change Commission representing government, business, civil society and
organised labour met for the first time to discuss how the country develops a
just transition from our current high emission economy to a low carbon climate
resilient economy and society. To do this, we must ensure those who are
currently dependent on the coal value chain do not carry the transition burden.
Accordingly, the Commission will advise the
government on ways to unlock new technology, new investment and above all new
jobs as we meet our commitments in terms of the Paris Agreement.
The first South African adaptation
communication in line with the Paris Agreement outlines five adaptation goals,
articulates efforts to be implemented and associated costs for a time period of
2021 to 2030. The adaptation communication will enable support for key sectors
affected by the impacts of climate change, including human settlements,
agriculture, water and energy. It will also affirm the leadership role which
South Africa has played in the international climate regime on adaptation.
The updated draft NDC also contains a
section on South Africa's support requirements as a developing country. This
includes the costs of both mitigation and adaptation measures and defining the
country's goal for accessing international support.
With regard to the support requirements for
a developing country such as South Africa, the draft updated NDC addresses not
only the cost of mitigation and adaptation measures but also outlines the
international finance accessed thus far for climate change programmes.
While South Africa has accessed about USD 2 billion a year in 2018 and
2019, the draft updated NDC proposes access to four times the amount annually
by 2030 to meet adaptation and mitigation needs.
South Africa's updated NDC targets are
aligned with planned policies and measures to provide opportunities for
accessing large-scale international climate finance to fund low carbon
infrastructure, and also to fund the just transition.
The launch of the updated NDC is the start
of a consultation process that will consist of a number of virtual
consultations until the end of May 2021 with other government departments
through the inter-governmental committee on climate change (IGCCC), broader
stakeholders through the National Committee on Climate Change (NCCC) and a
number of targeted virtual consultations with interest groups and
representative formations including business, labour, civil society, the
agricultural and energy sectors.
Direct consultation will be held with the
provinces, while written inputs can be submitted to the Department by 30 April
2021. Following integration of inputs from stakeholders, the updated
NDC will be tabled with Cabinet for approval before being deposited with the
UNFCCC ahead of COP26.
Link to the draft updated NDC:
Link to NDC stakeholder consultation